Living with Parkinsons-Diagnosis, Treatment And Management
Worldwide, there are more than 10 million people living with Parkinson Disease PD. In the United States, there are about 60, individuals diagnosed yearly, foreshadowing a total of 1 million patients that will be living with PD by the year These neurons are specifically present in the substantia nigra within the brain stem which are primarily responsible for the release of dopamine. Dopamine allows for the transmission of smooth, coordinated movement and balance of our bodies.
The reason why these neurons start to progressively deteriorate and die remains unknown. Motor symptoms include TRAP.
Treatment Pharmacists are an essential resource in management of treatment options for individuals with PD. These professionals are equipped with the proper training and knowledge to provide vital information and support. Pharmacists are able to provide care for PD patients regardless of their setting, community or hospital. The following are important nonpharmacological and pharmacological treatment options that should be considered in each patient based on the symptoms and severity of their condition. Nonpharmacological 2,3 Patients should engage in physical exercise such as high-intensity training, cardiac training, swimming, etc.
Patients should be educated on the importance of maintaining adequate hydration, eating meals that contain high fiber, and avoiding high-fat meals in order to reduce constipation. Based on the severity of symptoms, some PD patients may benefit from speech therapy.
All patients may need proper evaluation for mental health and referred to counseling or support groups as needed. Pharmacists can provide assistance with minimizing adverse effects, addressing difficult medication schedules, and ensuring effective communication between the provider and the patient. Offer alternatives to patients that can no longer swallow oral medications.
Advise patients not to crush any oral medications before checking with their PCP or pharmacists. Conclusion Parkinson Disease is a chronic movement disorder that will progressively worsen overtime. There is no cure for PD but different therapies can help alleviate and manage symptoms drastically.
Management and Treatment of Parkinson Disease: A Pharmacist's Guide
With adherence to the proper treatment, PD patients can live a long, manageable life. Watch his video to find out more.
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Caring for someone with Parkinson's? Do I have Parkinson's?
neppobugro.tk What causes Parkinson's? Doctors use rating scales to assess the stage of PD in an individual. Treatments for PD are more effective in early stages of the disease, so early detection of PD is important. In addition, physical therapy and exercise, which greatly improve symptoms and delay progression of the disease, are much easier to perform in the early stages.
Other research focused on early detection includes looking at brain imaging tests that have high sensitivity for detecting PD. Current treatments successfully alleviate most of the motor symptoms of PD. However, there is no known cure for PD, and currently, there are no treatments that can slow the progression of the disease.
Symptoms can vary in severity among people with PD. Treating the motor symptoms of PD—including tremor , rigidity , balance impairments , slowed movements bradykinesia , difficulty swallowing, changes in speech , impaired fine motor dexterity, and muscle cramping—usually involves a combination of approaches, including:.